Poliomyelitis – definition and meaning

We tell you what Poliomyelitis is. Also check the articles we have prepared on Poliomyelitis. Stay informed with OK Parenting.

What is Poliomyelitis

Poliomyelitis or simply Polio , is not a common disease but it can occur at a fairly young age. It is a disease that affects the nervous system due to a virus. It is difficult to detect and can cause irreversible damage. Its danger lies in the attack that it can impose on the child’s growth system and cause some type of disability. This disease is infectious and is caused by a very unique virus: poliovirus. It is very contagious, affects mainly children under 5 years of age and transmission is through feces or by ingestion of contaminated food or water . It can transform into diarrhea, viral fever or meningitis. It is common for it to end with paralysis in the legs, but there are cases in which it can generate paralysis of the respiratory muscles and cause death. In addition to the serious danger of its consequences, the disease has no cure and the only treatment is the vaccine a few weeks after birth. This immunizing measure has been very important and effective that it has almost eradicated the disease , which, according to WHO data, has decreased by 99 percent since 1988, and there are only 74 serious cases registered in the world, although attempts are still being made control to avoid spreading.